Sure, I eat organic food because I think it’s healthier for me than food grown with synthetic, toxic agrochemicals or food that’s been genetically engineered or injected with growth hormones. But, equally important to me are the multiple ecosystem services and broader benefits for society that organic farming provides.
For starters, when you eat organic, you support a system of food production that taps into the very best of what nature has to offer. You eschew farming practices that aim to overpower nature’s complex ecological systems by taming them with artificial chemicals. You reject the growing of a single crop on sterile land, bereft of vegetation that extends for miles. And, you sustain organic farmers and practices that enrich nature’s ecology by producing strong plants that resist pests and disease and produce healthy and delicious food.
When you eat organic, you endorse farming systems designed to maintain and improve the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of soil. Organic farmers manage crop nutrients and soil fertility through the application of organic matter and compost, as the organic regulations require. They plant cover crops for weed suppression, to increase earthworms and beneficial microorganisms in the soil, and to add essential plant nutrients that assist in plant growth and seed and fruit production. These practices also mitigate the adverse effects of climate change by improving soil’s water holding capacity and regulating soil temperatures so that crops can survive during bouts of extreme heat or cold, droughts, and floods.
When you eat organic, you contribute to conserving water, protecting biological diversity, and defending wildlife, wild nature, bees, and butterflies. Standard organic farming practices such as planting high residue cover and rotational crops, like oats and hay, create large volumes of plant biomass that increase the amount of carbon stored (sequestered) in soils. These practices also prevent erosion and topsoil loss. Planting native hedgerows on organic farms creates wildlife habitats, and attracts pollinators, beneficial insects, and birds that fertilize plants and combat pests. Hedgerows have the added benefit of filtering waterborne pathogens in their root systems, filtering wind-borne pathogens on their vegetation, and regulating water flow to crops.
Healthy Workers & Communities
When you eat organic you also champion a healthier environment for those who grow your food. That’s not to say that farm work, organic or not, is easy. But, it’s certainly a healthier place for farmers to work when they are not exposed to synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. Growing organic is also healthier for farming families and the communities where food is grown because those major sources of hazardous air and soil-borne farm chemicals are largely eliminated. So are the accompanying social costs of ill health, reproductive disorders, and compromised immune systems. Since antibiotics and non-naturally occurring growth hormones are prohibited in organic animal rearing, organic animals receive more ethical treatment. Humans benefit too, from not eating meat injected with drugs.
With all of the societal advantages of organic food production systems it’s not surprising, and certainly justifiable, that organic farmers get paid a premium price for the food they grow. After all, they use their labor, ingenuity, experiential knowledge, and instincts to maintain crop yields, instead of quick toxic chemical fixes or unproven genetic engineering technology. They produce healthy food that’s good for the planet and all of its inhabitants, and they deserve to get paid a fair price for it.
So, when you eat organic you can feel confident that you are contributing to a better world by supporting farmers and farming practices that steward the fertile land upon which a secure food future depends. What’s more, you help ensure that existing and future generations of farmers can continue to feed themselves, their communities, and the world with healthy and nutritious, fresh food.
Given all of these benefits of eating organic, I have to agree with Maria Rodale’s take-home message about organic: “If you do just one thing—make one conscious choice—that can change the world, go organic. Buy organic food. Stop using chemicals and start supporting organic farmers. No other single choice you can make to improve the health of your family and the planet will have greater positive repercussions for our future.” 
Watch the video! “The Choice is Simple: Choose Organic”
Lisa J. Bunin, Ph.D., is Senior Organic Policy Director at Center for Food Safety. Her work focuses on curbing the proliferation of harmful food-production technologies by promoting organic and sustainable agriculture and by challenging policies and practices that compromise organic integrity. Bunin holds a PhD in environmental sociology and is board president of the Ecological Farming Association. She has served as an NGO delegate to the United Nations’ convention on ocean dumping and regularly writes critical analyses on organic policy matters.
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